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Fifth generation / T180 Series (1989–1993)

Fifth generation
Toyota Celica GT-Four A (ST185, Japan)
Production Sep 1989 – Sep 1993
Assembly Aichi, Japan (Tahara plant)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door normal body liftback
3-door wide body liftback
2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout Front engineFWD / 4WD
Platform T180
Related Toyota Carina ED
Toyota Corona EXIV
Engine 1.6 L 4A-FE I4
2.0 L 3S-FE I4
2.0 L 3S-GE I4
2.0 L turbo 3S-GTE I4
2.2 L 5S-FE I4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length Coupe & Convertible: 4,470 mm (176 in)
Normal body Liftback: 4,410 mm (174 in)
Wide body Liftback: 4,420 mm (174 in)
Width 1990 ST Coupe: 1,690 mm (67 in)
Convertible, 1991–93 Coupe, Normal body Liftback: 1,705 mm (67.1 in)
Wide body Liftback: 1,745 mm (68.7 in)
Height Liftback FF: 1,280 mm (50.4 in)
Coupe, Liftback 4WD: 1,290 mm (50.6 in)
Convertible: 1,300 mm (51.2 in)
1990 Toyota Celica ST Coupe (AT180, U.S.)
1991 Toyota Celica 4WS Convertible (ST183, Japan)
1990 Toyota Celica SX Liftback (ST184, Australia)

The fifth generation Celica was introduced in September 1989 for the 1990 model year. The Celica received new Super Round organic styling, upgraded wheels and tires, more powerful GT-Four (US: All-Trac Turbo) with better cooling system, and for the Japanese market only, the 4-Wheel Steering (4WS) models. Toyota engineers claimed that the round styling and lack of straight edges increased strength without adding weight. The styling was later copied by other manufacturers. Japanese market models were now S-R, Z-R, GT-R, Active Sports (first Toyota with Toyota Active Control Suspension), and GT-Four. The S-R and Z-R were powered by a 3S-FE engine, while the GT-R and Active Sports came with a 3S-GE. The 3S-GTE in the GT-Four features an air-to-air intercooler and CT26 twin entry turbo to eliminate exhaust gas interference. The Japanese market GT-Four has 165 kW (221 hp) and 304 N·m (224 lb·ft) of torque, a result of more aggressive ignition advance and ceramic turbine. The Full-time 4WD system in the GT-Four has viscous coupling limited slip center differential and Torsen rear differential. Eddie Murphy made television commercials in Japan for the fifth-generation Celica, promoting the styling and the Super Live Sound System.[12]

The North American Celica had fixed door mirrors and amber front corner lights. All other models had folding mirrors and front clear corner lights. Driver's side SRS Airbag is standard on all US models. The base model ST has 1.6 L 4A-FE, the GT and GT-S were powered by the 2.2 L 5S-FE. The 1.6L was similar to the one used in the Corolla. The GT-S was rated 5 hp (4 kW) more than the GT at 135 bhp (101 kW; 137 PS). The 2.2 L was designed for more low-end torque, which appealed to US buyers' preferences as opposed to the high revving engines of the past. This engine was similar to the Camry's engine except for the balance shafts. The All-Trac Turbo was available with the improved 2.0 L 3S-GTE engine. It was rated at 200 bhp (149 kW; 203 PS) and 200 lb·ft (271 N·m) torque; an increase of 10 each from the previous model. The GT-S and all export market GT-Four / All-Trac are wide-body Liftbacks with flared fenders. The Japanese market GT-Four was also offered as normal body for the pre-facelift model.

Trim levels for the European Celica were 1.6 ST-i, 2.0 GT-i 16, and GT-Four. The 2.0 GT-i 16 Cabriolet was offered only in certain European countries. Only the 2.0 GT-i 16 Liftback and GT-Four were officially sold in the UK. New for 1992, the wide body 2.0 GT-i 16 was offered in the Netherlands and Belgium. This was basically a GT-S with 3S-GE engine.

Model grades for Australia were SX Coupe, SX Liftback, GT-Four, and also 150 units limited edition GT-Four Group A Rallye. The Australian cars are less luxurious than Japanese market and North American market models. Initially, the GT-Four did not come with ABS and fog lamps, which became standard few months after the introduction. In 1993, the Limited Edition WRC Trophy model was offered in Australia. This is basically the SX with sport front seats from the GT-Four, cruise control, rear window shade / spoiler, and special decals.

In August 1990, the wide body Liftback GT-Four A and Convertible were added into the Japanese Celica line up. Super Live Sound System with 10 speakers became standard on the GT-Four A and optional in other models except the S-R. The 20th Anniversary GT-R came in December 1990 to celebrate 20 years of Celica production. The Celica Convertible was built by American Sunroof Corporation (ASC) in California. It was offered as GT in US with 5S-FE engine, and as Type G in Japan or 2.0 GT-i 16 Cabriolet in Europe with 3S-GE engine. The Japanese market Convertible also has 4WS. The European Celica Cabriolet retained the old style front bumper for 1992, and received the facelift in 1993.

There are three different gearboxes for ST185 GT-Four. The E150F gearbox with 4.285 final gear ratio was installed in the Japanese market and All-Trac. European and Australian models, as well as the RC/Carlos Sainz/Group A models, came with the E151F gearbox with 3.933 ratio. The Japanese market only GT-Four Rally, a limited edition lightweight rally version sold only in Japan (not to be confused with the Australian GT-Four Grp A Rallye model), has the E152F gearbox with close ratio on the 1st through 4th gear and 4.285 final ratio. It also came with steel wheels and without air conditioning, power windows, or a power antenna. The early model GT-Four Rally is based on the normal body, and the facelift model is wide body with round fog lights. Also sold in Japan only was the GT-Four V. This was an economy version of normal body without alloy wheels, leather, or System 10, but still came with fog lights, power windows, and optional sunroof.

Anti-lock brakes (ABS) were available on the GT-S all four years and was available on the GT for 1992 and 1993 models. ABS, Leather interior, Sunroof, and System 10 Premium Sound System are optional on the GT-S and '90–'92 All-Trac, and standard on '93 All-Trac. With its sport-style interior, power-operated driver's seat, auto tilt-away steering wheel, and cruise control as standard equipment, the All-Trac (known as the GT-Four outside of the US) was the most expensive Celica yet. With a 2.0 L turbocharged 3S-GTE producing 149 kW (200 hp), it was the most powerful Celica ever sold in the U.S..

5th Generation Models
Chassis codeModel(s)Body style2/4WS, FWD/4WDEnginePowerTorqueMarketsJapan price (¥1000)
AT180 ST-i (Europe), ST (North America, General) Coupe, Liftback 2WS, FWD 4A-FE 77 kW (103 hp) @ 6000 rpm 138 Nm (101 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Europe, North America, General
ST182 S-R Liftback 2WS, FWD 3S-FE 93 kW (125 hp) 186 Nm (137 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm Japan 1464
ST182 Z-R Liftback 2WS, FWD 3S-FE 93 kW (125 hp) 186 Nm (137 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm Japan 1608
ST182 GT-R Liftback 2WS, FWD 3S-GE 121 kW (162 hp) @ 6800 rpm 191 Nm (142 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Japan 1880
ST182 2.0 GT-i 16 Liftback (all), Convertible (Europe only) 2WS, FWD 3S-GE 118 kW (158 hp) @ 6600 rpm 186 Nm (137 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Europe, Middle East
ST182 2.0 GTS-i 16 Liftback wide body 2WS, FWD 3S-GE 118 kW (158 hp) @ 6600 rpm 186 Nm (137 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Belgium, The Netherlands
ST183 4WS S-R Liftback 4WS, FWD 3S-FE 93 kW (125 hp) @ 6600 rpm 186 Nm (137 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm Japan 1554
ST183 4WS Z-R Liftback 4WS, FWD 3S-FE 93 kW (125 hp) 186 Nm (137 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm Japan 1698
ST183 4WS GT-R Liftback 4WS, FWD 3S-GE 121 kW (162 hp) @ 6800 rpm 191 Nm (142 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Japan 1970
ST183 Active Sports Liftback 4WS, FWD 3S-GE 121 kW (162 hp) @ 6800 rpm 191 Nm (142 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Japan 3200
ST183 4WS Convertible, 4WS Convertible Type G Convertible 4WS, FWD 3S-GE 121 kW (162 hp) @ 6800 rpm 191 Nm (142 lb-ft) @ 4800 rpm Japan 2605
ST184 GT (North America), SX (Australia) Coupe, Convertible (North America only), Liftback (all) 2WS, FWD 5S-FE 97–101 kW (130–135 hp) @ 5400 rpm 196 Nm (145 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm US, Canada, Australia
ST184 GT-S Liftback wide body 2WS, FWD 5S-FE 97–101 kW (130–135 hp) @ 5400 rpm 196 Nm (145 lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm North America, Thailand, Hong Kong
ST185 GT-Four, GT-Four V Liftback normal body 2WS, 4WD 3S-GTE 165 kW (221 hp) @ 6000 rpm 304 Nm (224 lb-ft) @ 3200 rpm Japan 2685
ST185 GT-Four A, Turbo All-Trac, Turbo 4WD Liftback wide body 2WS, 4WD 3S-GTE 149–165 kW (200–221 hp) @ 6000 rpm 271 Nm (200 lb-ft) – 304 Nm (224 lb-ft) @ 3200 rpm Japan, Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand 2900
ST185 GT-Four RC, Turbo 4WD Carlos Sainz, GT-Four Grp A Rallye Liftback wide body 2WS, 4WD 3S-GTE 153–173 kW (205–232 hp) @ 6000 rpm 271 Nm (200 lb-ft) – 304 Nm (224 lb-ft) @ 3200 rpm Japan, Europe, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand 3171
The facelift model Toyota Celica 1.6 ST-i (AT180, Germany)
The facelift model Toyota Celica All-Trac Turbo (ST185, USA)
The facelift model Toyota Celica 2.2 SX (ST184R, Australia)

In August 1991, Toyota face-lifted the Celica for the 1992 model year. Changes included:

  • Stiffer anti-roll bar was added and suspension spring rates were increased.
  • New three-way catalytic converter.
  • Toyota (T) emblems on the hood and trunk.
  • Taillights redesign (with smoke red frame).
  • Improved gear linkage and a shorter gearshift.
  • New 5S-FE, producing 100 kW (134 hp) and 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) of torque.
  • Front discs were now 277 mm (10.9 in) and ventilated.
  • The front-drive models (except for the wide body Liftback GT-S, which used the same front bumper as the 4WD models) received a new style bumper.
  • The export version GT-Four / All-Trac Turbo and GT-S retained automatic air conditioner, but the push button fan switch was replaced by the more conventional rotary type.
  • North American GT models received standard fog lights.
  • 15 in wheels on the Z-R, GT, and SX models fitted with Dunlop 205/55VR tires.
  • Discontinued Japanese market models: 4WS S-R, Active Sports, and normal body GT-Four.
  • The 'A' was dropped from the 'GT-Four A' and the wide-body turbo model was simply known as the GT-Four.
  • New round fog lights for the Japanese market GT-Four.
  • The Japanese market only GT-Four Rally uses the wide body shell.
  • The Cruise Control Package, SD Package and Luxury Package became optional on the Japanese market models.

For the Group A homologation, the special rally edition of 5000 units named GT-Four RC was launched in Japan in September 1991. The export models are called Carlos Sainz (CS) Limited Edition in Europe (in honour of their famous WRC driver), or Group A Rallye in Australia. Special features include:

  • a different intercooler (water-to-air as opposed to air-to-air) which Toyota Team Europe wanted so they could more easily tune their WRC car.
  • different hood, the emphasis of which is to get rid of heat as fast as possible (instead of scooping in air, as is the case with the standard ST185 hood).
  • more aggressively tuned ECU.
  • different bumper that is much lighter than the standard one.

Out of the 5000 units, 1800 stayed in Japan, 3000 for the selected European countries, 150 delivered to Australia, 25 went to Singapore, and a few were exported to New Zealand and other markets.

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