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Fourth generation / T160 Series (1985–1989)

Fourth generation
1987-1989 Toyota Celica (ST162) SX liftback 01.jpg
Toyota Celica 2.0 SX Liftback (ST162, Australia)
Overview
Production Aug 1985 – Aug 1989[8]
Assembly Aichi, Japan (Tahara plant)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door liftback Cd 0.32
2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout Front engineFWD / 4WD
Platform T160
Related Toyota Carina
Toyota Carina ED
Toyota Corona Coupé
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 4A-GE
1.8 L I4 1S-iLU
1.8 L I4 4S-Fi
2.0 L I4 2S-ELC
2.0 L I4 2S-FE
2.0 L I4 3S-FE
2.0 L I4 3S-GE
2.0 L I4 3S-GTE turbo
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,410 mm (174 in) (coupe & convertible)
4,365 mm (171.9 in) (liftback)
Width 1,710 mm (67.3 in)
1,690 mm (66.7 in) (Japan)
Height 1,260 mm (49.8 in)
 
Early model Toyota Celica ST Coupé (ST161, U.S.)
 
Toyota Celica GT Convertible (ST162, U.S.)

In August 1985 the Celica was changed completely. It was an all-new vehicle with front wheel drive, a rounded, flowing body and new 2.0 L four-cylinder engines. The Celica was no longer built on the Toyota A platform, and instead realigned with the Toyota T platform underpinning the Toyota Corona. The Toyota A platform was now exclusive to the Toyota Supra. The coupe bodystyle in Japan was used only for the Corona Coupe, sold only at Japanese Toyota dealerships Toyopet Store without the retractable headlights.[9] An optional feature only offered on the Corona Coupe was four-wheel steering, not shared with the Celica during this generation, however, the turbocharged engine on the Celica was not installed in the Corona Coupe.

Toyota introduced the "ultimate Celica", the GT-Four (ST165) onto the Japanese market in October 1986.[8] With full-time all-wheel drive, including an electronically controlled central locking differential, and a turbocharged version of the GT-S 2.0 L engine producing 190 hp (142 kW) (3S-GTE), it immediately took its place as the flagship of the Celica range, and became the official Toyota rally car for all years of production. The GT-Four, with a revised viscous coupling central locking differential, began export in 1987 (1988 US model year) and marketed in North America as the All-trac Turbo. It was rated at 190 bhp (142 kW; 193 PS) and 190 lb·ft (258 N·m). The All-trac system was also offered for a limited time on the Camry, and Corolla in North America without the turbo, as well as the normally aspirated and supercharged Previa.

The ST165 chassis design was quite acclaimed in its time.[10] Toyota chose not to make any drastic suspension changes for the AWD GT-Four. The front suspension comprises MacPherson struts with an anti-swaybar and strut tower brace, while the rear employs struts with a trailing link and twin lateral links per side plus an anti-swaybar.

The ST165 GT-Four made its World Rally debut in the 1988 Tour de Corse and finished 6th. The first victory came in 1988 Cyprus (non-WRC), and the first WRC victory in 1989 Rally Australia.

Summary of 4th Generation Models
Chassis CodeBody StyleEngineTrim LevelMarket
AT160 Coupe, Liftback 4A-F, 4A-GE 1.6 ST (4A-F), 1.6 GT (4A-GE) Japan, General
ST160 Liftback 1S-iLU 1.8 ST, 1.8 SX Japan[8]
ST161 Coupe, Liftback 2S-ELC 2.0 ST, 2.0 GT (1986 model year only) North America
ST162 Coupe, Liftback, Convertible 3S-FE, 3S-GE 2.0 ST & 2.0 GT (3S-FE), 2.0 GT-R (3S-GELU), 2.0 GT-i 16, 2.0 SX & 2.0 GT-S (3S-GE), 2.0 ZR (3S-FE) Japan (Liftback & Convertible),[8] North America (all body styles), Europe (Liftback & Convertible), Australia & New Zealand (Liftback and Coupe)
ST163 Liftback 4S-Fi 1.8 ST, 1.8 SX Japan (introduced May 1988)[8]
ST165 Liftback 3S-GTE GT-Four, Turbo All-Trac Japan,[8] Europe, North America

Japan

For the Japanese market the fourth-generation Celica started with the 1S-iSU engine in the ST160 and 4A engine in the AT160. The 4A engine was terminated in August 1987 and the 1S-iLU engine was replaced by the 4S-Fi engine in the ST163 in May 1988. The 3S engine in various twincam forms was introduced in August 1987 in the ST162. The 3S-GTE turbo engine was also introduced at the same time in the all-wheel drive ST165 GT-Four. Two months later, a factory convertible (coded ST162C) was offered with the twincam 3S-FE engine.[8] The vehicle with the 2.0 litre engine was regarded as the top trim level package due to the increased annual road tax so the GT was fully equipped to justify the tax liability.

Non twincam models came in ST and SX trim levels. Models with the 3S-FE economy twincam came in the ZR trim level, including the convertible. Models with the 3S-GELU sports twincam came in GT and GT-R trim levels and lastly the turbo all-wheel drive model came in the GT-Four trim level. A digital instrument panel was offered on the top level GT and GT-R. The notchback two-door coupé bodystyle was not offered as a Celica in Japan; instead this body was sold as the Toyota Corona Coupé, with fixed headlights rather than the Celica's flip-up units.

Australia

 
1987–1989 Toyota Celica 2.0 SX Liftback (ST162, Australia)

The Australian spec Celica ST162 were the base model ST with 3S-FE engine offered as Coupe and Liftback, and the top of the line SX Liftback with higher performance 3S-GE Twincam engine. Rear spoiler and alloy wheels came standard on the SX, which made it the same appearance as the Japanese GT-R or American GT-S. The limited edition SX White Lightning with all white bumpers, side protectors and wheels was offered in 1989. Inside, it featured cruise control (automatic models only) and the same sports seats used in the ST165 GT-Four, but was otherwise identical to the SX.

 

Europe

In most European countries these models were available instead:

Chassis codeModelEnginePowerat
rpm
Nmat
rpm
kg0–100
km/h
Top Speed
kWPSkm/hmph
AT160 1.6 ST 1587 cc 8V 4A-C (Carb) 64 87 5600  136 3600  1005 12.4 s 175 109
AT160 1.6 GT 1587 cc 16V 4A-GE 92 125 6600  142 5000  1060 8.9 s 205 127
ST162 2.0 GT 1998 cc 16V 3S-FE 92 125 5600  169 4400  1460 8.9 s 205 127
ST162 2.0 GT-S 1998 cc 16V 3S-GE 112 152 6400  180 4800  1130 8.6 s 210 130
ST165 2.0 GT-Four 1998 cc 16V 3S-GTE Turbo 142 193 6000  249 3200  1465 7.9 s 220 137

The Convertible or better known as Cabriolet was based on the 2.0 GT. The GT-S was badged 2.0 GT-i 16.

North America[edit]

 
1988 Toyota Celica All-Trac Turbo (ST165, U.S.)

Trims available were the ST coupe or the GT and GT-S that came as a coupe or liftback; with the GT trim available as a soft-top convertible starting in the 1987 model year. The GT-Four was available as a model year 1988, 2 years after the release in Japan. All trims came standard with a tachometer, oil pressure, voltmeter (replaced with a boost meter in the ST165) gauges and a rear window defogger for the interior.

ST: The ST was the most basic form of the T160 chassis. In 1986, the chassis was designated as the ST161. It had the SOHC 8-valve, 2.0 L 2S-E engine from the Camry, producing 97 hp (72 kW) at 4400 rpm and 118 ft-lbs. of torque at 4000 rpm. However this only lasted a year as it was changed over to an all new DOHC engine 3S-FE for the 1987 model year producing 115 hp (86 kW) at 5200 rpm and 124 ft-lbs. of torque at 4400 rpm; and as a result, the chassis designation was changed to ST162. The ST was the lightest T160 chassis at 2455 lbs. with the manual transmission. A 5-speed manual was the only transmission available in 1986, with a 4-speed automatic being optional 1987 onwards, bringing the curb weight to 2522 lbs. Steel wheels were wrapped with 165/80-13 tires. The interior had manual windows and locks, bucket seats and an AM/FM receiver as standard features. Power steering and power brakes were standard, with ventilated discs in the front and drum brakes in the rear to go along with a 4x100 bolt pattern. Cable operated air-conditioning was optional.[11]

GT: The GT shared the ST's engine as well as the chassis designation being the ST161 with a 2S-E engine in 1986 quickly changing over to the ST162 with a 3S-FE engine 1987 onwards. The curb weight was 2515 lbs for the coupe and 2546 lbs. for the liftback. A 4-speed overdrive automatic transmission (A140L) was an option, bringing the curb weight up to 2579 and 2610 lbs., respectively. The convertible weighed in at 2700 lbs. for the manual and 2760 lbs. for the automatic. For the interior, the GT came with an electronic 4 speaker AM/FM/MPX tuner, power side mirrors, tilt steering wheel, driver's lumbar support and an automatic retracting radio antenna was standard. Power locks, windows, power tilt/slide sunroof, side mirror defogger, cruise control, electronic air-conditioning, and 13"x5.5" aluminum alloy wheels were optional with 185/70-13 tires. Interestingly enough, a digital instrument panel was available as an option for the non-convertible GT trim only. The GT also includes a front strut bar across the two strut towers as an upgrade over the ST trim, but retains the front ventilated disc and rear drum brake combination from the ST.[11]

GT-S: The GT-S (chassis code ST162) was given a de-tuned version of the DOHC 2.0 L engine (3S-GELC) featuring T-VIS and a 6800 rpm redline producing 135 hp (101 kW) at 6000 rpm and 125 ft-lbs of torque at 4800 rpm. An EGR and O2 sensor restricted the engine along with a milder ECU. The GT-S replaced the rear drum brakes with disc brakes going along with a 5x100 bolt pattern. Standard features in addition to the GT trim included an 8-way adjustable sports bucket seats with power lumbar and side bolsters, automatic climate control, side mirror defogger, wrap-around spoiler, telescopic steering wheel, and speed-rated 205/60-14 tires on 14"x6" alloy wheels. Leather interior including shift knob, door panel inserts, and steering wheel were optional. In Canada, all GT-S models were 5-speed (S53) manual transmissions, but in America, an electronic controlled 4-speed automatic (A140E) with lock-up torque converter was available. New features in 1988–1989 included an illuminated vanity light as standard and ABS as optional.[11]

Turbo All-Trac: The turbo All-Trac (chassis code ST165), or turbo 4wd as it was named in Canada, is the American version of the GT-Four. It was given a DOHC turbo-charged, water-to-air intercooled 2.0L engine (3S-GTE) featuring T-VIS producing 190 hp (142 kW) at 6000 rpm and 190 ft-lbs of torque at 3200 rpm. The All-Trac only came with a 5-speed all wheel drive transmission with a viscous-coupling center differential, bringing the curb weight to 3197 lbs. The ST165 was not sold in North America before 1988 except for seventy-seven special-edition cars sold in 1987 as 1988 models at each of the 77 Toyota dealerships in California to commemorate Toyota's IMSA GTO championship win. These Celicas are all white with white wheels and blue interior and have "IMSA GTO CHAMPION" printed in small letters on the side moulding, as well as a white stripe on the grill. This top of the line trim came with the same options as the GT-S with the exception of the power interior options, leather steering wheel, fog lights, V-rated tires, and a factory full body kit as standard. One interior feature that is missing from the GT-S trim and other trims is the cup holder as the center console is different due to a larger center body tunnel to accommodate for the ST165's center drive shaft.[11]

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